Hippocratic Oath

“It happened, therefore it can happen again.”

Primo Levi

The Hippocratic Oath [1], whose precise date and origin are lost in the course of history between the 4th century BC and 1st century AD, is the earliest known occupational oath: after invoking the gods and goddesses, it begins with the vow “To hold my teacher in this art equal to my own parents” and pledges: “when he is in need of money to share mine with him; to consider his family as my own brothers, and to teach them this art, if they want to learn it, without fee or indenture. So already here, in the first-mentioned passage, one finds professional rules that appear to be still valid today when one goes on to attentively read, for example, the current Professional Code of the Styrian Chamber of Medicine [2], or when one looks at the graduation pledge of Graz University, which says: “I shall uphold the honour and the proud traditions of the medical profession with every means at my disposal,” and likewise the medical vows of the universities of Vienna and Innsbruck, which demand (at a minimum) lifelong loyalty and support for the university. Due to these oaths, vows and pledges, and later due to the specific professional codes, both physicians and the healthcare sector must inevitably land in an ethical, moral and legal dilemma, insofar as the said oaths prevent a physician from criticising their “teachers” or “colleagues”, and likewise from broaching the subject of medical malpractice, wrong diagnoses, ethical, moral or legal violations and preferential treatment, and can justly be compared to the “Omertá” of the Mafia.

The Hippocratic Oath already shows that, from time immemorial, as fallible human beings doctors (must) have sometimes abused their position of power and gone beyond their authorisation, as this ancient text, which is almost two thousand years old at least, already requires physicians to explicitly swear to refrain from “deadly poison”, “abortion” or “any deliberate injustice and misdeed, particularly from any sexual abuse of women and men, free persons and slaves.”

Due to the preeminent status of physicians as a group – a status created by the medical profession itself – the occupation of physician was (like that of the lawyer) declared a profession and subsequently elevated to an “art” – which, again, indicates the status and the subjective power (and thus the power to define norms) associated with it. As can be seen time and again in the history of western medicine, this has given rise to ethical, moral and legal dilemmas for individual physicians, which have manifested in potentially pathological forms, as ultimately revealed in the Nuremberg Doctors’ Trials. Unfortunately, this still applies today, as the occupation has become a “profession”, and that “profession” has become an “art” which – so it appears – may not and cannot be called into question or challenged, and whose paramount maxims, as repeatedly stated in the Professional Code of the Styrian Chamber of Medicine (for example, in Section 8) are that “doctors have a duty to act as loyal colleagues to one another[…]”. This is the basic attitude of the profession and of medical colleagues – which, of course, in extreme cases, also opens the door wide to human rights violations, despite all patient laws, patient charters and human rights. This has been abundantly experienced and documented in our case: the fact that a two-and-a-half-year-old child is thereby destroyed is simply accepted as a necessary price to be paid, and further experiments are carried out on that child (and on other children): ultimately, the important thing is to protect one’s own profession, to continue to build up and increase one’s own position of supremacy, and to thereby perhaps even succeed in shinging in the world of international science, thus (once more) placing Austrian physicians at the forefront of worldwide (human) research.

It is also apparent that (worldwide, but particularly in Austria and Germany) we urgently need to rekindle a consciousness of how, just a few decades ago, (Nazi) physicians routinely carried out organ transplants (both post and ante mortem), psychiatric experiments (such as T4) and other experiments, with the sole justification that the victims were “unworthy of life” or “(mental) invalids”. Few people know of the existence in Graz of the SS Medical Academy of the Third Reich, which was never closed; few know the full extent of the experiments conducted in the concentration camps, in which over 300 Nazi doctors [3] participated, and which were far more numerous than the notorious trauma-based mind control research of Dr. Josef Mengele –nowadays often only referred to as “twins research”. Twins, as every statistician/doctor/psychologist knows, were and are ideal research subjects, as one thereby has an (almost) identical, and at least genetically identical person for comparison. It need not therefore surprise us to learn that, after the war, Dr. Josef Mengele continued to carry out research for the CIA in the USA (survivors give accounts of babies and small children kept in cages for trauma-based mind control research), or to hear and read of other medical experiments being carried out worldwide, which appear to be a common factor in the medical fraternity: the Tuskegee Syphillis Experiment on Afro-Americans in the USA, the innumerable experiments conducted by the British in their African colonies, etc.

One must also challenge the supreme status of orthodox medicine due to the poor success in healing in almost every field of orthodox medical discipline, whereas holistic medicine has for thousands of years been able to do what the powerful lobbies of the western world have been unable to do since ancient times – namely, to heal. Again, this shows that what counts in this discipline is not the task of healing, but power – and that it persecutes or socially isolates courageous dissenters even within its own ranks.

Like the writer Joseph Roth in his essay “The Antichrist,” written during his exile in Paris in the 1930s, in 2001 the German historian Klaus Hildebrand also warned: “To research and present even the most devastating truths serves, not least, the vital purpose of sharpening our watchfulness and our awareness that the devil always takes care to take the stage in a different guise and through a different door and almost always presents himself as more attractive, more modern and more progressive” [4]. This is reminiscent of the headlines about cloning human beings, organ transplants (together with the international organ trade mafia associated with that) and, of course, trauma-based mind control und ritual abuse.

Disagreeable warners and witnesses of these activities, or whistle-blowers like Gustl Mollath or Julia Bonk (to name the most well-known) are nowadays regarded as disruptive and dutifully disposed of psychiatrically by orthodox doctors, whose attitude – as for centuries – seems to be: „After all, we must make use of the possibilities available to us here and now – it can´t be postponed.“ Political interest groups are again opening the doors wide to genetic and human experimentation, as has been documented in the case of my son and myself as a witness, thereby ignoring even their own experts, as the psychiatrist Thomas Szasz already warned in his famous interview in “The New Physician” back in 1969:

“Schizophrenia” is a strategic label as “Jew” was in Nazi Germany. If you want to exclude people from the social order, you must justify this to others, but especially to yourself. So you invent a justificatory rhetoric. “Schizophrenia” is a strategic label as “Jew” was in Nazi Germany.

If you want to exclude people from the social order, you must justify this to others, but especially to yourself. So you invent a justificatory rhetoric. That´s what the really nasty psychiatric words are all about: they are justificatory rhetoric, labelling a package “garbage”, it means “take it away! Get it out of my sight!” etc.

That´s what the word “Jew” meant in Nazi Germany; it did not mean a person with a certain kind of religious belief. It meant “vermin!”, “gas him!” I am afraid that “schizophrenic” and “sociopathic personality” and many other psychiatric diagnostic terms mean exactly the same thing; they mean “human garbage,” “take him away!”, “get him out of my sight.” [5]

Orthodox medicine is thus very quick to label people – not least in the name of “research” – in order to silence them. The Republic of Austria appears to be shockingly prone to entertaining inhuman theories and concepts based on the idea of a “superior master race” – whether as the country where the O.T.O (Ordo Templis Orientis) was founded (in Vienna) over 100 years ago, and where the SS Medical Academy operated in the freemason-ridden city of Graz, or in view of the still deep-rooted basic fascist attitude of the Austrian people and of their official representatives and bodies, which is espoused by both left and right-wing parties. It is, in my opinion, the ideal country for “producing” trauma-based mind- control slaves on a large scale in the melting pot of cultures between east and west, and also for “scientifically” researching, in still greater detail, the processes of ritual abuse in the tradition of Dr. Joseph Mengele.

Despite the apparent unassailability of the medical fraternity, we should never forget the following:

“Monsters exist, but they are too few in number to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the common men, the functionaries ready to believe and to act without asking questions.” (Primo Levi)



[1] Cf. text in Wikipedia accessed on 24.09.2017, translated by James Loeb https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippocratic_Oath

[2] Cf. text of the Professional Code of the Styrian Chamber of Medicine http://www.aekstmk.or.at/cms/cms.php?pageName=93& of 13.04.2013 from the years 2004/05.

[3] Klee, Ernst: Sichten und Vernichten (“Classification and Annihilation”) In: Freidl, Kernbauer, Noack, Sauer (Ed.): Medizin und Nationalsozialismus in der Steiermark. (“Medicine and Nazism in Styria.”) Innsbruck et al.: Studien-Verlag, 2001

[4] Hildebrand, Klaus: Universitäten im “Dritten Reich” – eine historische Betrachtung. (“Universities in the “Third Reich” – a historical view.”) In: Kohnle & Engehausen (Ed.): Zwischen Wissenschaft und Politik. Studien zur deutschen Universitätsgeschichte. (“Between science and politics. Studies on the history of German universities.”) Special “Festschrift” publication for Eike Wolgat on his 65th birthday. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2001. Quoted by Richter, Andrea in: Zwischen Forderung und Förderung. Wiener Völkerkunde und Wissenschaftspolitik in der NS-Zeit. (“Between forced demands and voluntary support. Viennese ethnology and science policy during the Nazi period.”) Vienna: Diploma thesis, 2010

[5] http://www.iaapa.de/fake_science/quoted_thomas_szasz.htm accessed on 24.09.17


Recommended reading: Wallner, Jürgen: Health Care zwischen Ethik und Recht. (“Health care between ethics and the law”) Wien: Facultas, 2007



Text version in Wikipedia accessed on 24.09.2017, translated by James Loeb https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippocratic_Oath

„ὌμνυμιἈπόλλωναἰητρὸν, καὶἈσκληπιὸν, καὶὙγείαν, καὶ Πανάκειαν, καὶθεοὺςπάνταςτεκαὶπάσας, ἵστοραςποιεύμενος, ἐπιτελέα ποιήσεινκατὰδύναμινκαὶ κρίσινἐμὴνὅρκοντόνδεκαὶ ξυγγραφὴντήνδε. “I swear by Apollo the Healer, by Asclepius, by Hygieia, by Panacea, and by all the gods and goddesses, making them my witnesses, that I will carry out, according to my ability and judgment, this oath and this indenture.

To hold my teacher in this art equal to my own parents; to make him partner in my livelihood; when he is in need of money to share mine with him; to consider his family as my own brothers, and to teach them this art, if they want to learn it, without fee or indenture; to impart precept, oral instruction, and all other instruction to my own sons, the sons of my teacher, and to indentured pupils who have taken the physician’s oath, but to nobody else.

I will use treatment to help the sick according to my ability and judgment, but never with a view to injury and wrong-doing. Neither will I administer a poison to anybody when asked to do so, nor will I suggest such a course. Similarly I will not give to a woman a pessary to cause abortion. But I will keep pure and holy both my life and my art. I will not use the knife, not even, verily, on sufferers from stone, but I will give place to such as are craftsmen therein.

Into whatsoever houses I enter, I will enter to help the sick, and I will abstain from all intentional wrong-doing and harm, especially from abusing the bodies of man or woman, bond or free. And whatsoever I shall see or hear in the course of my profession, as well as outside my profession in my intercourse with men, if it be what should not be published abroad, I will never divulge, holding such things to be holy secrets.

Now if I carry out this oath, and break it not, may I gain for ever reputation among all men for my life and for my art; but if I transgress it and forswear myself, may the opposite befall me.”

Ἡγήσασθαιμὲντὸνδιδάξαντάμετὴν τέχνηνταύτηνἴσαγενέτῃσινἐμοῖσι, καὶβίουκοινώσασθαι, καὶχρεῶν χρηίζοντι μετάδοσινποιήσασθαι, καὶ γένοςτὸἐξωὐτέουἀδελφοῖςἴσονἐπικρινέειν ἄῤῥεσι, καὶδιδάξειντὴντέχνηνταύτην, ἢν χρηίζωσιμανθάνειν, ἄνευμισθοῦ καὶξυγγραφῆς, παραγγελίηςτεκαὶἀκροήσιοςκαὶτῆςλοιπῆςἁπάσηςμαθήσιος μετάδοσινποιήσασθαιυἱοῖσίτεἐμοῖσι, καὶτοῖσιτοῦἐμὲδιδάξαντος, καὶ μαθηταῖσι συγγεγραμμένοισίτεκαὶὡρκισμένοιςνόμῳ ἰητρικῷ, ἄλλῳδὲοὐδενί.
Διαιτήμασίτεχρήσομαιἐπ’ ὠφελείῃ καμνόντωνκατὰδύναμινκαὶ κρίσινἐμὴν, ἐπὶδηλήσειδὲκαὶἀδικίῃεἴρξειν.
Οὐδώσωδὲοὐδὲφάρμακονοὐδενὶ αἰτηθεὶςθανάσιμον, οὐδὲὑφηγήσομαιξυμβουλίην τοιήνδε. Ὁμοίωςδὲοὐδὲ γυναικὶ πεσσὸνφθόριονδώσω. Ἁγνῶςδὲκαὶὁσίωςδιατηρήσωβίοντὸνἐμὸνκαὶ τέχνηντὴνἐμήν.
Οὐτεμέωδὲοὐδὲμὴνλιθιῶντας, ἐκχωρήσω δὲἐργάτῃσινἀνδράσιπρήξιοςτῆσδε.
Ἐςοἰκίαςδὲὁκόσαςἂνἐσίω, ἐσελεύσομαιἐπ’ ὠφελείῃκαμνόντων, ἐκτὸςἐὼνπάσηςἀδικίηςἑκουσίηςκαὶ φθορίης, τῆςτεἄλληςκαὶἀφροδισίωνἔργωνἐπίτεγυναικείων σωμάτωνκαὶ ἀνδρῴων, ἐλευθέρωντεκαὶ δούλων.
Ἃδ’ ἂνἐνθεραπείῃἢἴδω, ἢ ἀκούσω, ἢκαὶἄνευθεραπηίηςκατὰβίονἀνθρώπων, ἃμὴχρήποτεἐκλαλέεσθαι ἔξω, σιγήσομαι, ἄῤῥητα ἡγεύμενοςεἶναιτὰτοιαῦτα.
Ὅρκονμὲνοὖνμοιτόνδεἐπιτελέα ποιέοντι, καὶμὴξυγχέοντι, εἴη ἐπαύρασθαι καὶβίουκαὶ τέχνηςδοξαζομένῳ παρὰπᾶσινἀνθρώποιςἐςτὸναἰεὶχρόνον. Παραβαίνοντιδὲκαὶἐπιορκοῦντι, τἀναντίατουτέων.“


© Andrea Sadegh, 2012 – 2017 – Translation by Verity Speedwell


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